Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a hereditary disease commonly known as diabetes or blood sugar among common people. Around 425 people across the world are diagnosed with this disease. When the blood sugar of a person shoots up, i.e., the glucose level in the body rises, the person is said to be diabetic.The pancreas in the human body secretes insulin, which helps the glucose to reach the body cells for their energy needs. When insulin is not able to perform its function or is not secreted in an appropriate amount, diabetes occurs.


Normal ranges –
Fasting – 72-99 mg/dL
2 hours after meal- 100-140 mg/dL

Symptoms-

1. increased hunger and/or thirst 

2. weight loss
3. frequent urination
4. extreme fatigue
5. blurry sight
6. sores, cuts, and wounds heal later than usual

Causes-
1. The disease is hereditary. If the parents have diabetes, there are fair chances for the
offspring to carry the genes of this disease.
2. Obesity
3. Some genetic combinations and unhealthy lifestyles

Cure-
Diabetes can only be controlled; it can not be completely cured.
Under medical supervision, the patients are provided with artificial insulin on the basis of their
blood sugar levels. Medicines are also available for the same if needed.

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